How can I stay safe?

Rights and duties

segurança em família


Parents influence the way their children think, their values and their likes. During childhood, it is common to adopt our parents' ideas and points of view. These changes for teenagers... we become more critical about our parents' ideas and opinions and, often, we try to oppose and challenge them.

Teenage years are a stage where conflicts with parents are normal and frequent.

Although disagreements between children and parents can increase during the children's teenage years, many teenagers get along well with their families.


Family is a place of comfort, affection, care and love. At home with our family we feel safe, protected and loved.

All children or young people have the right to expect their parents or carers:

  • to give them the attention, affection and love they require and need;
  • to protect them from danger and keep them safe;
  • to take charge of, help and supervise their hygiene, food provision, health and education;
  • not to force them to perform tasks and jobs unsuited for their age and that can undermine their development;
  • to protect them from any form of violence.

There are a set of legal rights for everyone around the world under the age of 18.
Since 20 November 1989, when the United Nations General Assembly adopted the CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD, several countries agreed to follow the same laws to protect all children and young people under 18.

The Convention spells out the range of rights to which children everywhere are entitled. It sets basic standards for children’s well-being at different stages of their development and is the first universal, legally binding code of child rights in history.

The Convention states that everyone under the age of 18, regardless of gender, origin, religion or possible disabilities, needs special care and protection because children are often the most vulnerable.

Although the Convention has 54 articles in all, it is guided by four fundamental principles:

  • NON-DISCRIMINATION. Everyone under 18 should neither benefit nor suffer because of race, color, gender, language, religion, or national, social or ethnic origin, or because of any political or other opinion; because of caste, property or birth status; or because of disability.
  • THE BEST INTERESTS OF THE CHILD. Laws and actions affecting children should put children and young people best interests first and benefit them in the best possible way.
  • SURVIVAL, DEVELOPMENT AND PROTECTION. The authorities in all countries must protect all children and young people under 18 and help ensure their full development – physical, spiritual, moral and social.
  • PARTICIPATION. Children and young people under 18 have a right to have their say in decisions that affect them, and to have opinions taken into account.


You can search here for more information about this issue and to learn more about HUMAN RIGHTS.